Jessi Arrington is a designer who taps into the power of unexpected joy. As co-founder of the intentionally small Brooklyn-based design studio WORKSHOP, she produces projects with love for TED, Etsy and Brooklyn Beta. Her favorite color is rainbow and her default answer is YES. She’s a board member of AIGA/NY and a member of the co-working space Studiomates. She makes a point of wearing nothing new, and she blogs about that, color and designing life at LuckySoAndSo.com.
As an ethnographer and interaction designer, Tonia M. Bartz is passionate about people and focused on interfaces that create meaningful, usable solutions to problems. Armed with a Masters degree from the Information Architecture + Knowledge Management (IAKM) program at Kent State University, she currently works as a Human Sciences Designer at General Dynamics C4 Systems. Tonia is the founder of IxDA Phoenix and is currently the Regional Coordinator for IxDA North American Local Groups. When she’s not in the office or working on community-based projects, chances are you can find her involved in some serious karaoke, running obstacle courses, or perfecting her Ginger Ale recipe.
Tonia is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
Type Designer, Designer (The Hague)
Peter Biľak works in the field of editorial, graphic, and type design and teaches at the Royal Academy of Arts in The Hague. He is running Typotheque, the first foundry to bring webfonts to the market. Recently he started »Works That Work«, magazine of unexpected creativity that rethinks publishing practices.
Photo: Mano Strauch
Mandy Brown is co-founder and CEO of Editorially, a new platform for collaborative writing and editing. She is also co-founder of A Book Apart, a former contributing editor for A List Apart, and the editor of many books, including The Shape of Design, by Frank Chimero. She previously served as communications director and product lead at Typekit and as creative director at the independent and employee-owned publisher, W. W. Norton & Company.
Matthew Butterick is a typographer, writer, and lawyer in Los Angeles. After graduating from Harvard, he worked as a type designer for David Berlow and Matthew Carter. He then founded Atomic Vision, a web-design studio, which was acquired by Red Hat. He attended UCLA law school and became a lawyer in 2007. Butterick is the author of the popular Website and book Typography for Lawyers. His fonts include Hermes FB, FB Alix, Equity, and most recently, Concourse.
Writer, Typographer (Oakland, California)
Stephen is a writer and typographer living in Oakland and Berlin. After six years at FontShop San Francisco as a creative director, he now publishes Fonts In Use, Typographica, and The Mid-
Artist and designer Keetra Dean Dixon straddles a wide set of mediums in her playful and process-oriented work. With a foothold in graphic design, she often reaches into speculative terrain including experiential work, installation, and sculpture. Her projects are spurred on by the fallibility of communication, attempts to connect, and unintended output. Keetra’s work has been featured in étapes, GOOD, and Surface magazines, exhibited at the Walker Art Center and the Smithsonian’s Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, as well as included in the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art’s permanent collection. In 2013 Dixon will be partaking in INCONGRUOUS, a Museum of Arts and Design residency for brazen experimentation in design practices.
James Edmondson is a type designer and lettering artist about to graduate from California College of the Arts. He’ll be speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
A former resident of the beautiful city of San Francisco, Nigel French is currently based in England, from whence he hails and where he works as a freelance graphic designer, trainer, and aspiring artist. His obsession with photographing type, especially mid-century American signage, seems to be getting worse. Lately he has taken to organizing his images into themed books and posters.
Nigel is the author of a book about Photoshop that no one reads and InDesign Type: Professional Typography with Adobe InDesign (Adobe Press), as well more than twenty titles in the Lynda.com online training library. He also writes a type-related column for InDesign Magazine.
Ivo Gabrowitsch is the Marketing Director of the famous FontFont library, where he was in charge of the development and market launch of webfonts. The print and media engineer studied at the Beuth Academy in Berlin, after having worked for several years as media designer for different print and non-print projects. He has published articles in international journals, and founded the regular typography meeting “Typostammtisch” in Berlin in 2006.
Photo: Gerhard Kassner
Jens Gehlhaar, born and raised in Germany, is a commercial artist living in Los Angeles who works in film, design, advertising and music. He has directed commercials for Apple, Volkswagen, Emirates Airlines and many other brands. He has designed identities and titles for MTV, VH1 and “This American Life”, and has drawn typefaces for TV Guide and two different Tom Cruise movies. He is currently a commercial director represented by Logan & Sons and a thesis advisor at California Institute of the Arts.
Mike Jakab is a director who specializes in entertaining narrative, design and technology. His design and directorial work have been featured in Studio Voice, Idea, Tokion, Communication Arts, Creativity, Shift, Print, RES and Boards periodicals. Aside from bridging technology and design, Jakab is currently the Director of Design Language at Motorola Mobility.
Mike is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
Jan Jancourt is a professor at the MInneapolis College of Art and Design. In addition to his teaching career he has also maintained a freelance business preparing culture-biased communications. His clients have included; Carleton College, American Public Radio, Intermedia Arts, Walker Art Center, Utne Reader, Art Paper and The Minneapolis College of Art and Design.
His work has been exhibited nationally and internationally and has been recognized by a number of publications including Print, ID Magazine, Emigre, Idea, Critique, Design Quarterly, Dutch Graphic Design, 100 Dutch Posters, The Graphic Edge, Typography Now: The Next Wave and Typography Now 2: Implosion.
Jan is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
Monique Jenkinson is a multi-genre performing artist (dance, drag, theater, video) who revels in femininity, glamour, process and above all, physicality. She presents her work in theaters, nightclubs, galleries and museums. She seeks to explore the connections and tensions between art and entertainment striving to invite, reveal and communicate – to acknowledge the shared experience between performer and observer.
She has created and performed in venues as varied as the Stud Bar, City Hall and de Young Museum in San Francisco; the New Museum, Judson Church and the Stonewall in New York; and in Reykjavik, Amsterdam, Edinburgh and London. As a 2012 de Young Museum Irvine Fellow, Jenkinson curated Making Scenes, and premiered two new works, Our People, and Instrument.
Monique is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
New Zealand-born Meena Kadri won a Kentucky Fried Chicken coloring competition when she was six years old and has been involved in design ever since – as a graphic designer, design educator and more recently in the realm of design for social innovation. She taught graphic design for 10 years in China, New Zealand, and at the National Institute of Design in India. She currently explores the intersection of culture, communication, and creativity from New Zealand via her consultancy, Random Specific, plus works as a Community Manager on OpenIDEO. She exhibited collaborative works produced with Indian street painters at the Glasgow School of Art in 2007 and continues to document Indian street typography on trips back to her motherland.
Geoff Kaplan of General Working Group has produced projects for a range of academic and cultural institutions, and his work is included in the permanent collections of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and MoMa. He teaches in the Graduate Program of Design at the California College of Art. Geoff edited, co-wrote and designed “Power of the People: The Graphic Design of Radical Press and the Rise of the Counter-Culture, 1964-1974” published by The University of Chicago Press, April 2013.
Geoff is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
Publisher, Designer, Photography collector (Amsterdam)
Erik Kessels is since 1996 Creative Director of communications agency KesselsKramer in Amsterdam, London and LA. KesselsKramer works and worked for national and international clients such as Diesel, Nike, I Amsterdam, Citizen M, Ben, Heineken and The Hans Brinker Budget Hotel.
As an artist and photography collector Kessels has published several books of his ‘collected’ images: Missing Links (1999), The Instant Men (2000), in almost every picture (2001-2013) and Wonder (2006). Since 2000, he has been an editor of the alternative photography magazine Useful Photography.
For the DVD art project Loud & Clear he worked together with artists such as Marlene Dumas and Candice Breitz. Kessels writes regular editorials for numerous international magazines. He lectured at the D&AD Presidents Lecture and at several international design conferences. He has taught at the Gerrit Rietveld Academy and at the Amsterdam Academy of Architecture where he curated a celebration of amateurism.
Kessels made and curated exhibitions such as The European Championship of Graphic Design, Graphic Detour, Loving Your Pictures, Use me Abuse me, 24HRS of Photos, Album Beauty and Mother Nature . He als co-curated an exhibition called From Here on together with Martin Parr, Joachim Schmid, Clement Cheroux and Joan Fontuberta.
In 2010 Kessels was awarded with the Amsterdam Prize of the Arts and in 2012 elected as the most influential creative of The Netherlands.
Travis Kochel is a partner at Scribble Tone, a design studio based in Portland, Oregon. Their work explores intersections of typeface design, interactive experiences and branding. They are creators of FF Chartwell, a set of fonts to create simple graphs within text boxes. Published by FontFont in 2012, it has received awards and accolades from Fast Company, Communication Arts, Typographica, and ATypI. Travis graduated with a BFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 2008. He currently teaches Typography, Typeface Design, and Interactive Design at Portland State University.
“HORT is not a place … it’s a feeling” (Eike) … — and it is a Berlin-based graphic design studio made up of uniquely selected, creative, and spirited people. Throughout its existence Hort has been a constant pioneer in re-inventing the visual language of contemporary graphic design. HORT’s ongoing experimental enthusiasm inspires budding young designers and has become an influential source among contemporaries.
When away from his Humble HORT Hub, founder Eike König takes on the role of mentor. He is currently Professor of Graphic Design and Illustration at the HfG University of Arts, Offenbach, Germany. He conducts numerous creative workshops and lectures internationally. His knowledge and experience have taken him as far as South America and Australia, where he’s shared his stories with audiences at acclaimed design conferences. Lead Academy recognized HORT’s hard work, awarding the studio Germany’s Visual Leader award in 2011.
Designer, Artist, Programmer (Switzerland)
Jürg Lehni works collaboratively across disciplines, dealing with the nuances of technology, tools, and the human condition. His works often take the form of platforms and scenarios for production, such as the drawing machines Hektor, Rita, and Viktor, as well as software-based structures and frameworks, including Paperjs.org, Scriptographer.org and Vectorama.org. Lehni has shown work internationally in group and solo shows at the MoMA New York, Walker Art Center, Centre Pompidou, Institute of Contemporary Arts London, Victoria and Albert Museum, Design Museum London, Kunsthalle St. Gallen, etc.
Faythe Levine works as an independent researcher, multi-media artist, curator, author, and collector. She’s based in Milwaukee. Faythe’s current focus is Sign Painters, a documentary and book about the trade of traditional hand lettering in America. She curates Sky High Gallery in Milwaukee and produces the annual event, Art vs. Craft, also in Milwaukee. Her personal artwork and writing have been published and exhibited internationally in both formal and renegade outlets. Levine’s first book and film Handmade Nation: The Rise of D.I.Y. Art, Craft and Design (Princeton Architectural Press, 2009) received widespread attention. She keeps track of her work with slightly obsessive updates via various social media channels and visually on her website, where she documents her community-based projects, travels, and experiences.
Ana Llorente is a designer living and working in Los Angeles and an adjunct assistant professor at Otis College of Art and Design. With over 20 years of design experience as an intern architect and as a designer, Ana is currently the driving force and creative director at ALT Design, a studio she founded in 2006.
Ana’s work includes logo and identity; book design; print; wayfinding, directional, and signage systems; and exhibition design. Ana’s work also includes the planning of pop-up exhibitions and shows as well as organizing $1/Minute, an event providing ways for creative individuals to engage their practices with the general public by making the design process more collaborative and less private.
Ana is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
Tom Manning is a Principal Designer at Frog’s San Francisco studio. He has art directed such magazines as Filter, Mean, and Frog’s design mind, and previously worked with IDEO, McCann Erickson, Harper Collins, and Little Brown publishing. Manning is also a comic book creator, writing and illustrating the critically acclaimed series Runoff. Manning has a BFA in Art History and the Visual Arts from Occidental College and an MFA in Graphic Design from the Yale School of Art.
Sean is an engineer and product designer working at Adobe on Typekit in San Francisco. He joined Typekit in July 2010, where he has worked on improving browsing for fonts on the site, using fonts with third-party tools, and optimizing the delivery of fonts to browsers. He’s happiest looking for opportunities at the intersection between user experience constraints and technical constraints. Before Typekit, Sean worked at Google in Mountain View as a user experience designer and web developer. He built prototypes for the Google Apps control panel, in-product help, Buzz, and finally Google+. He enjoys exploring San Francisco restaurants and cocktails.
Christoph Niemann is an illustrator and author. He creates covers for the New Yorker, a visual column for the New York Times Magazine and once drew a Marathon while actually running it.
As head of our Creative Department, Toke is constantly developing and building the Zendesk brand with his team and keeping our product shiny and Zen. Prior to Zendesk, he was a founding partner of one of the largest pioneering design communities, K10k. Toke was also co-founder and Creative Director at Cuban Council, the design agency responsible for the Facebook identity as well as clients such as NASA, Apple, Top Gear, Lifetime Channel, BBC and Francis Coppola. Having designed digital experiences for more than 17 years, Toke’s quiet ambition is to build the greatest SaaS brand of all time.
Toke will be speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
Elisabeth Prescott co-owns agency:collective, a design studio based in San Francisco. Prescott holds an MFA from Yale University, and BFA from MCAD. She has taught at CCA and lectured at Yale University. Her work spans film, typography, publication, and visual language. Her current project leads her to the automotive industry where she is concepting the future of driving through the power of design and technology.
Elisabeth is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
The name Mike Salisbury may not appear on the work, but he is the brains and hands behind the creative brand icons such as Halo; Michael Jackson’s white glove; Rolling Stone, Surfer, and Playboy magazines; O’Neil and Gotcha surf wear; Levi’s 501 jeans; Hasbro (one of the biggest toy companies in the world), Volkswagen, Suzuki, and Honda.
Mike has created marketing campaigns for over 300 movies including Aliens, Jurassic Park, Rocky, Romancing The Stone, Raiders of The Lost Ark, and Moulin Rouge. In the film The People vs. Larry Flynt, Flynt defends the First Amendment based on a concept Mike Salisbury created for Hustler. George Lucas collects Mike’s work and recommended him to Francis Ford Coppola, who used Mike’s imagery creation in Apocalypse Now.
His music industry work includes creating album covers for George Harrison, James Taylor, Randy Newman, Rickie Lee Jones, Ry Cooder, and Ike and Tina. He developed branding identities for Blue Note, RCA, United Artists Records, and PolyGram. He has a Grammy nomination for album design.
Mike has taught design, advertising, illustration, and photography at UCLA, Otis College of Art and Design. He is a contributing editor and writer for Forbes, Men’s Journal, and other magazines and has taken photographs for Vogue, Esquire, Newsweek, and more, including stories of his motorcycling and surfing adventures all over the world.
Mike has photographs in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. His design work is in the Library of Congress, the National Archives, and the Smithsonian. He has been invited to speak across the U.S., Europe, and South America. His photography and graphic work have been featured in museum shows worldwide. Appointed to the Naval Academy, Annapolis, by Congress, Mike flunked a critical math test. (See all of the above.)
Born and raised in the tree-filled foothills of Los Angeles to a French chef father and adventure-loving mother, Satsuki’s escapades thus far have included studying music at the University of Southern California and graphic design at Otis College of Art and Design, pursuing a career as a singer/songwriter, delving into hand processes such as pattern design and sewing, launching a design studio, as well as raising a dog that loves treats and naps a little too much. Her recent pursuits involve activities such as creating one-of-a-kind art/objects, consulting, food experimentation, visual curations, paper creations, and special edition collaborations.
Nick Shinn, R.G.D. was born in London in 1952, educated at Bedford, and acquired a Dip.AD in Fine Art (1974) from Leeds Polytechnic. He lived in Toronto from 1976 to 2009, then moved 60 km north to Orangeville, Ontario. In the 80s he worked as an advertising art director and creative director before going digital in 1989 with the Shinn Design studio, specializing in publication and marketing design. From 1980 he designed typefaces for several foundries, before founding Shinntype in 1998. He has written for Applied Arts, Druk, Eye, Graphic Exchange, Marketing, Typographic, and Codex, spoken at the ATypI, TypeCon, Graphika, and TypoBerlin conferences, and taught at Humber College and York University in Toronto.
Mica Sigourney is a performance artist, drag queen, curator, gogo dancer, instigator, emcee, and nightlife enthusiast. Utilizing 15 years of performance training Sigourney creates drag numbers, performance installations, gogo happenings, and theater pieces. He hosts and curates a weekly Drag/Art/Dance Party SOME THING, at the Stud, as VivvyAnne ForeverMORE! Most recently he’s been awarded a GOLDIE for performance and a scholarship position at ImPulsTanz in Vienna Austria (2013).
Mica is speaking during the Contrast Sessions
Art Historian, Information Architect, Type Designer, Author (Berlin, San Francisco, London)
Erik Spiekermann is an art historian, information architect, type designer and author. Two of his typefaces, FF Meta and ITC Officina, are considered to be modern classics. He founded MetaDesign (1979) and FontShop (1988). He is behind the design of well-know brands such as Audi, Bosch, VW, German Railways and Heidelberg Printing, among others; information systems for Berlin Transit and Düsseldorf Airport and for publications like The Economist. He designed exclusive typefaces for corporations like Deutsche Bahn, Bosch, ZDF (German TV), Cisco, Mozilla and many others.
Erik is Honorary Professor at the University of the Arts in Bremen and in 2003 received the Gerrit Noordzij Award from the Royal Academy in The Hague. In 2006 he was awarded an honorary doctorship from Pasadena Art Center. He was made an Honorary Royal Designer for Industry by the RSA in Britain in 2007 and Ambassador for the European Year of Creativity and Innovation by the European Union for 2009. In 2011 he received the German National Design Award for Lifetime Achievement as well as the TDC Medal and a Lifetime Award from the German Art Directors Club.
He has almost 310,000 followers on Twitter and is frequently asked to contribute to books and magazines on topics from visual language to bicycles (he owns 13 of them).
Spiekermann was managing partner and creative director of Edenspiekermann with offices in Berlin, Amsterdam and San Francisco until June 2014 when he moved from that position to the supervisory board. He now runs an experimental letterpress workshop in Berlin. Erik splits his time between Berlin and San Francisco and often visits London where his son Dylan lives.
A monograph about Spiekermann’s life and work “Hello, I am Erik” was published by Gestalten Verlag in 2014.
Originally from Hawaii, Sueda has practiced design everywhere from Honolulu to Holland. After earning his MFA in Graphic Design from CalArts in 2002, he was invited to North Carolina State University to serve as a designer in residence, followed by an internship in the Netherlands with Studio Dumbar. In 2004, Sueda founded the design studio Stripe, which specializes in print and exhibition design for art and culture. He is also the co-editor of Task Newsletter, and the co-organizer of AtRandom events (an exhibition and lecture series in Los Angeles). In 2007, Sueda relocated to the San Francisco area where he is currently an Assistant Professor in the Graphic Design Program at California College of the Arts (CCA) and Design Director at the CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts. Most recently, he curated the exhibitions The Way Beyond Art: Wide White Space at CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts, and Work from California at the 25th International Graphic Design Biennial in Brno, Czech Republic.
Jon is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
Rena Tom is a strategist and matchmaker who consults with both retailers and product designers on the intricacies of small-batch manufacturing and boutique retail. She is also the founder of Makeshift Society, San Francisco’s first coworking space and clubhouse for creative freelancers. She is deeply involved in many different communities – maker, designer, entrepreneur – in an effort to encourage collisions and foster new collaborative projects. Previously, she owned Rare Device, a store and art gallery with locations in Brooklyn and San Francisco.
Jeff Veen is the Vice President of products for Adobe, currently focusing my attention of their Creative Cloud service. Jeff Veen joined them in October, 2011, when they acquired Typekit, the company he co-founded and ran as CEO.
In addition to Typekit, he was one of the founding partners of the user experience consulting group Adaptive Path. While there, Jeff lead the development of Measure Map, which was acquired by Google. During his time at Google, he redesigned Google Analytics and lead the UX team for Google’s apps.
Much earlier, he was part of the founding web team at Wired Magazine, where he developed HotWired, Web Monkey, Wired News, and many other sites. During that time, Jeff authored two books, “HotWired Style” and “The Art and Science of Web Design.”
Ursus Wehrli is a left-handed, broad-thinking, professional typographer. His first book Tidying up Art is a visionary manifesto that took well-known artworks and put them back together in his more rational, more organized, and cleaner form of modern art. In his newest book The Art of Clean Up Wehrli extended his discerning eye into the physical world to tidy up common daily situations. He is currently working on sorting things that are normally too big to organize.
Besides bringing order to environments and artwork, Wehrli has delighted audiences for over a quarter of a century with his comedy-duo Ursus & Nadeschkin, touring in Zurich, Berlin, London, Melbourne, and New York. The duo has won many awards including the Reinhart Ring and the New York Comedy Award, among others. Ursus Wehrli lives in Zurich as a comedian, live performer, and freelance artist, and can be hired to perform to put things in (his) order.
Supported, in part, by swissnex San Francisco.
Josh Damon Williams is a director at Hot Studio where he works with clients to make cool things. As a local leader for IxDA in San Francisco, he brings some of the best thinkers in interaction design to the design community in order to talk about cool things. Since later parts of the 20th century he’s helped shape visions, lead designs, and guide implementation for a wide variety of digital products for companies like LeapFrog, Hotwire.com, eBay.com, Cisco, Warner Music Group, Architecture for Humanity, and most recently Facebook.
Josh studied film in Los Angeles, worked for slave wages in film development and production, but mostly worked in animation (supervising digital composition for bad Saturday morning cartoons). His most indulgent endeavor was completing an MFA in creative writing at USF. When he’s not designing, he can sometimes be found DJing under the alias 8Ball in local night clubs, Burning Man, and bigger events like Outside Lands.
Josh is speaking during the Contrast Sessions.
Carima El-Behairy began her journey into the type world with the launch of P22 Type Foundry in 1994. She is a founding member and has been the CFO since its inception. Her areas of expertise include contract negotiations, marketing, financial knowledge, start-ups and the ability to find money. She and P22 hosted Typecon 2008 in Buffalo, NY and helped facilitate the one-day conference “the Business of Type” in 2008 as well in Seattle. She is also a founder of Oracle Charter School, the Charter School Coalition and the Western New York Book Arts Collaborative. With over 20 years of non-profit and corporate experience, she currently sits on three non-profit boards: Planned Parenthood of Western New York; Irish Classical Theatre Company; and Atypi. In addition to P22, she consults on Business Coaching and Evolution, Museum and Educational start-ups, Board Governance, raising Basenjis and overseeing homework for her two boys on a daily basis.
Cameron Ewing is a Creative Director based in San Francisco whose work reaches across multiple mediums, from traditional print to digital, brand, strategy, motion graphics and environmental. He has worked in design leadership positions within studio practices in New York, London and Los Angeles and most recently San Francisco.
Cameron’s client roster includes such brands as Nike, Coca-Cola, Apple, Starbucks and he has been the recipient of several design awards including ID magazine’s Design Review Award and the Addy Award’s Best in Show Award. His type design has been published in An Homage to Typography by Pedro Guitton.
Cameron holds an MFA in Graphic Design from California Institute of the Arts, a Post-Baccalaureate degree in Design at the Minneapolis College of Art & Design and a BA from Princeton University. He stays active in the world of design academia by leading a variety of typography, branding and other similar design workshops.
Mike Monteiro is the co-founder and design director of Mule Design, an interactive design studio whose work has been called “delightfully hostile” by The New Yorker. He prefers elegant, simple sites with clear language that serve a real need. He prefers that designers have strong spines. Mike blogs frequently about the craft and business of design. In early 2011, he gave a Creative Mornings talk entitled “F— You, Pay Me” that uplifted the downtrodden the world over, and he can be heard weekly as the co-host of Let’s Make Mistakes with Leah Reich. None of the terms Mike has coined are printable on a family website.
(Los Angeles, California)
Kali Nikitas is principal of Graphic Design for Love (+$) based in Los Angeles. She is Chair of the Communication Arts Department and founding Chair of the MFA Graphic Design program at Otis College of Art and Design. She has been recognized by Type Director’s Club, ACD, AIGA, Graphis; published internationally; curated and co-curated international symposia; lectured and given workshops throughout the United States and in Europe.
Simone Wolf was born and grew up in Germany. Her studio, Type*s, is in Italy, where she has lived and worked since 2005. Wolf has been working as a marketing expert, consultant and PR agent since 1999 and organizes seminars, conferences and special events. In 2007, she accepted a post at Europe’s oldest university, in Bologna, where she was charged with developing a curriculum in cultural marketing and graphic design. Simone lectures on marketing, event management and intercultural communications at various international universities in Milan and Florence.